Uramanat | A mountainous village with stairway architecture
Uramanat (Uraman) or Uramanat Takht is a village of Uraman Takht rural district, which is located in the southwest part of Marivan city, Kurdistan province. Known as one of the most impressive villages of Iran, Uramanat is famous for its unique texture, architecture, lifestyle, and traditional ceremonies .Moreover, it is surrounded by beautiful landscapes, which make it a fascinating attraction for nature lovers as well.
The reason of the naming
The name Uraman is derived from ‘Ura’ and ‘Man’. ‘Man’ means a place or land and Uraman is thought to mean ‘The land of Ahoura Mazda’. The people of this place believe that this village has been the capital of local rulers or governments, because the word ‘Takht’ in its name means the throne.
The history of the village
This village is estimated to be between 40,000 to 12,000 years old. The stone tools of cavemen and the bones of haunted animals were found in here, which have thousand years of history.
The architecture of Uramanat Village
This village is located on a steep slope, facing the northern side of Uramanat Mountain. Therefore, its houses have a step-like architecture, like the Masouleh Village of Gilan in north of Iran, in which the roof of each house is the court-yard of the upper one. On this account, Uramanat Takht village is also called ‘Thousand Masouleh’. In the construction of the house’s walls, no mortar was used and pieces of stones were artistically put on top of one another.
The nature in Uramanat
A large part of Uramanat is surrounded by high and snow-covered mountains. If you walk downhill and get to the slopes, the vast, beautiful and green forests of Uramanat can be seen. In addition to its heavenly beautiful landscape, it has two roaring rivers named Sirwan, the longest river in Kurdistan province, and Lyleh.
Uramanat’s most famous traditional ceremony
From the most significant traditions of this place we can mention ‘Pir-e-Shaliyar’. Pir means a respectable elderly person. Shahrhar (Shaliyar in Kurdish dialect) is believed to be a Zoroastrian priest. This annual ceremony is the wedding anniversary of Pir-e-Shaliyar which is held 45 days after the beginning of winter. In addition, there is another ritual named Kumsay, which is held on the 45th day of the spring in the place of the mausoleum of Pir-e-Shaliyar.
These ceremonies attract many visitors and include activities such as: sacrificing animals, playing traditional music, Kurdish dancing, eating ‘Ash’ and etc…
People’s traditional clothes
Kurdish people of Uramanat wear clothes with bright and eye-catching colors and patterns.
In conclusion, Uramanat Takht Village is a shining gem in Kurdistan due to its marvelous nature of high mountains, vast and green forests, rivers and waterfalls, its compact and dense texture, unique lifestyle, dialect and traditional ceremonies; along with stair-way architecture that adds to its beauty and magnificence.
|Official Website: N/A||Entrance fee: N/A|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: اورامانات|
|UNESCO Website: Click here||Public transportation availability: Yes|
|Province: Kurdistan|| Accommodation availability: Yes|
|Phone: N/A||Facilities: Yes|
|Working days: All days||Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes|
|Opening hours: :N/A||Best time to visit: All Seasons|