Ultimate Guide to Rasht | Everything you need to know
The green and historical city of Rasht, the city of rain, and the largest city on Iran’s Caspian Sea coast is located in north of Iran. Rasht is the capital of Gilan Province, surrounded by rice fields and areas of half-cleared jungle, and is Sitting at an altitude of 5 meters above sea level.
The name Rasht comes most probably from the verb reshtan, which means weaving. Rasht, with its gorgeous nature, was Iran’s gateway to Russia and Europe and thus very influenced by western architecture.
Rasht was first mentioned in historical documents in 682 CE but it is certainly older than this. It begans its development very late, during the 14th century, when the center of life in the region moved from the mountains to the plains. The modern history dates back to the Safavid times (15th to 17th century) when Rasht was a major silk trade center with numerous textile workshops, which had a historical role in the economy of Gilan. In addition, the silk trade was the main reason for the foreign presence in Rasht. The city also is a market and processing center for rice, tea, peanuts and so on nowadays.
Rasht has made it into UNESCO’s Creative Cities Network for its gastronomy (the practice or art of choosing, cooking, and eating good food). Their famous local cuisine has not only carried on ancient recipes, but also unique cooking utensils and methods. For many people, Rasht is all about delicious food and nightlife. People also spend much on books and clothes.
People of Rasht played an important role in the Constitutional Revolution of Iran around 115 years ago. The revolution led to the establishment of a parliament in Iran. Also,The first national and public library of Iran and the first modern newspaper of Iran (Nasim e Shomal), First Branch of the First Iranian Bank (Sepah Bank)and first branch of 24/7 pharmacy (Karoon pharmacy).moreover,First fire station in Iran, The first National Hospital of Iran, The first Iranian Theatre hall, and so on were stablished in Rasht. Also, it was the first city in Iran where girls were allowed to go to school.
With hundreds of tourist attractions, Rasht (The city of clay roofs) receives a hug numbers of foreign tourists every year. One of them is the resort of photogenic Masouleh in the adjacent mountains and the beaches of Caspian sea (the world’s largest inland body of water). Travelers also use this city as a base to explore the amazing Qal’eh Rudhkan, a marvelous castle on top of the forest. ‘Rasht Bazaar’ is another unique attraction in Rasht which is the largest open roof bazaar in the country, with lots of fresh fruits ,vegetables, various species of fish and in-season products.
Located 18 km south of Rasht, Gilan Rural Heritage Museum is an open air museum which is devoted to the rural and ancestral life which is the first one in Iran and remains so far the unique museum of this type in Iran and beyond in the Middle-East and the Central Asia. Rasht is also known for its famous building of municipality which is located inside the city. The most modernized section of the city is the Golsar area.
The people of Rasht speak Gileki as their mother tongue and Persian (Farsi) as of the official language of Iran. Gileki is spoken by more than 3 million people in Iran, mostly live in the Gilan Province.
Rasht has a semi-Mediterranean climate and is one of the wettest cities in Iran with the average humidity of 81.2%. It has warm summers and cool winters, sometimes with snow and it has the first rate of rainfall in Iran and is known as City of Rain.
January is the coldest month in Rasht with an average low-temperature of 1.9°C. July is the warmest month with an average high-temperature of 30.5°C. November is the month with the most rainfall. The month with the least rainfall in Rasht, Iran, is June.
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Best time to visit
It depends what where do you want to go or what do you want to do. April and May is the best time to go to Masouleh and Masal which are located on the mountains. Also in summer, when Rasht is hot and humid, it worth to go to the mountainous areas. Autumn is also a perfect time to visit Rasht and Gilan province as there no humidity. If you want to drive in colorful roads or walk in the amazing colorful forest, mid-November and December is the best time. All in all, this wonderful city enjoys a pleasant climate during spring and autumn and Due to its northern geography, the city deals with snowy winters as well as hot and humid summers.
Taxi is the best option in the city to get around. Also you can use buses or vans. there is no metro in Rasht. Cycling is another option if you find a place to rent. If you like to walk, or participate in Free Walking Tours , consider that Rasht is a city of rain, so bring an umbrella with you.
Like everywhere in Iran, Rasht is well connected with Tehran and neighboring towns by bus.
Sardar e Jangal International Airport is located 10 km north of the city of Rasht. The airport has flight connections to different parts of Iran, and about 446.000 passengers passed through it in 2017.
- Masouleh village
- Rudkhan Castle (Ghale Roodkhan)
- Gilan rural heritage museum
- Olasbelangah village (Masal)
- Anzali Lagoon
- Rasht Bazaar
- Shahrdari Square (Municipality Square)
- Saqalaksar Lake
- Mohtasham Garden
- Bojagh National Park
- Rasht Museum
- Saravan lake
- Mellat-Park Sundial
- Kolah Farangi Mansion
- Tomb of Mirza Kuchak Khan Jangali
- Shapour School
- Sefid Rood River
- Safi Mosque
- Lat (Shah Abbasi) Caravansary
- Mohtasham Garden
* Written by Mohammad Naderi.