Tomb of Mirza Kuchak Khan Jangali | Final Resting Place of The Jungle Movement’s Leader
Among all the buildings in Rasht, the tomb of Mirza Kuchak Khan has a special place and respect among the general public. But the reason for this popularity is not only the structure of this building but also the special place of Sardar Jangal in the hearts of the natives, especially the elderly of Rasht.
What is to know about Mirza Kuchak Khan?
Mirza Younes, known as Mirza Kuchak, the son of Mirza Bozorg, was born in 1880 in the old neighborhood of Ustad Sara in Rasht in a wealthy and religious family. He spent his early years studying religion at Haj Hassan Theological School (Salehabad) and the Jameh School of Rasht. The foundation of the seminary education could have made him a clergyman, but the events and revolutions of the country changed the course of his thoughts and led him in another direction.
Mirza joined the revolutionaries on the northern front during the constitutional event and participated in the conquest of Qazvin. The Russians deported him from Rasht for a while. In 1915, Mirza, who had just been released from exile and had come to Rasht, was greatly affected by the oppression of the people of Gilan by Russian forces and decided to revolt again with the help of his constitutionalist friends. But this time, in addition to demanding the liberal ideals of the constitution, which he had squandered, he also sought to save Iran, and especially Gilan, from the apparent occupation of foreign military forces.
The beginning and the end of the Jungle movement
Iran was going through difficult times during World War I. The central government was unable to govern the country, and foreign aggressors invaded Iran’s borders from the north and south. The country’s economy was in a very bad state, and the oppression of the local leaders was too severe.
It was under these circumstances that the Jungle Movement was formed under the leadership of Mirza Kuchak Khan. A movement that achieved many successes in the first years of its activity, but after a while its blazing flame was extinguished.
Experts divide the Jungle movement into the first and second periods. In the first period of this movement, led by Mirza Kuchak Khan, in addition to successive victories, it also had the support of the people. But in the second period, with the change in the leadership structure of this movement and the ouster of Mirza, the Jungle movement started to fail with the loss of people’s support and the wrong decisions of its members.
The Death of Mirza Kuchak Khan Jangali
In the winter of 1921, Mirza Kuchak Khan, along with one of his close associates, a German-Armenian man nicknamed Houshang, tried to cross the Talesh Mountains to reach Khalkhal. But he suffered a severe storm and froze to death while carrying Houshang on his shoulders. Mirza’s body was taken to the ruler of Talesh and he cut off Mirza’s head and sent it to Tehran to gain respect from Reza Khan. Mirza’s headless body was taken to Soleymandarab in Rasht and buried in the current location of his tomb.
Later, during the exile of Reza Shah Pahlavi, the people of Gilan returned Mirza’s head from Tehran to his tomb and buried him next to his body.
What makes the tomb of Mirza Kuchak Khan Jangali worth visiting?
These days, the tomb of Mirza Kuchak Khan after numerous restorations still has a very simple yet original architecture. An octagonal structure with wooden columns and mud bricks is a symbol of the simple life of Sardar Jangal and the traditional structures of Rasht. Also, the construction of this tomb, along with the green space and old trees around it, was reminiscent of the Jungle and is in harmony with the fighting spirit of Mirza Kuchak Khan.
Around the tomb of Mirza Kuchak Khan, the bodies of Mirza’s companions and comrades are buried, whose names are engraved on their gravestones. Also, the tomb of the famous and popular poet of Gilan, Shivan Foumani, is located next to the tomb of Mirza Kuchak Khan.
When to visit?
It does not matter when you enter Soleymandarab Cemetery, the green space, the mild climate, the calm atmosphere and, the beautiful tomb of Mirza will welcome you very well.
* Written by Mahsa Ashouri.
|Official Website: N/A||Entrance fee: N/A|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: آرامگاه میرزا کوچک خان جنگلی|
|UNESCO Website: N/A||Public transportation availability: Yes|
|Province: Rasht|| Accommodation availability: Yes|
|Phone: N/A||Facilities: Yes|
|Working days: All days||Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes|
|Opening hours: :N/A||Best time to visit: All Seasons|