Tomb of Hafez | One of the Most Famous Iranian Poets
Hafez_e Shirazi is one of the most famous Iranian poets who has many disciples and his tomb is one of the most visited places in Shiraz. As you enter the Tomb of Hafez, its strange atmosphere would permeate you and this feeling will reach its peak when you try to augur your dreams from the Hafez’s book of poems just by thinking about them and accidentally opening the book .
The tomb of Hafez is a tomb complex in north of Shiraz and south of the Qur’an gate. It is 5 acres wide. It consists of two northern and southern open spaces , each separated by a hall. This complex has 4 enter-exit gates. The main gate is in the south, 2 gates are in the west and the other one is in the north-east. The hall of the Tomb of Hafez which dates back to Zand Era, is 56 meters long and 8 meters wide and consists of 20 stone pillars which are 5 meters high . This hall formerly had 4 pillars and 4 rooms, but the rooms were later removed from it .
The architecture of this hall is inspired by the Islamic architecture of the Zand period.
65 years after the death of Hafez in 856 AH (1452 Gregorian calendar), Shams Al-Din Mohammad Yaghmaei, the minister of Mirza Abolqasem Gorkani,who was the ruler of Fars, built a dome-like roof on the tomb of Hafez for the first time, and with a big pond in front of it.
During the reign of Abbas The Great (11th AH Century) this building was repaired and reconstructed. Nader Shah had also ordered the tomb to be repaired .
Colonel Ali Riazi (Head of Culture of Fars) reconstructed the Tomb of Hafez in 1935 with the help of Ali Asghar Hekmat, the supervision of Ali Sami, the design of André Godard, famous French architect, and was inspired by the architectural elements of Karim Khan Zand era.
In 1936, Maxime Siroux, a French architect designed the Tomb with the help of Ali Asghar Hekmat and Ali Sami and using Zandieh’s architectural elements and memorials of the Tomb. The southern part of the tomb symbolizes the material world and its captivating appearance. By approaching the tomb, man is released from the bondage of the low desire of soul and climbing the porch means spiritual ascension and a journey in the divine world . The tomb symbolizes the sun, and descending from the porch, symbolizes the bow to this shining sun.
The porch has 2 staircases each of which has 9 stairs. The number 9 in Persian literature is the number of the skies and is sacred. The northern part of the tomb is a symbol of the divine world . Because in this part we reach the tomb that symbolizes the truth and mysteries of the world. This section consists of 8 enter-exit gates and 8 stone pillars . 8 refers to 8th AH century (when Hafez lived) and the 8 gates of heaven.
The exterior view of the dome symbolizes the sky and looks like Turkish Dervish’s (or Darwish) cap. The inner part of the dome is painted with different mystical colors such as turquoise blue (symbol of heaven), purple red (symbol of eternal wine), white and black (symbol of day and night) and brown (symbol of soil).
The mystical atmosphere and the visual beauty of the tomb and the universal interest in this great poet has always attracted visitors from all over the world to this place.
* This article has been written by Sooshia Shamsaei
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|Name(s) in Persian: حافظیه|
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