The Pink Mosque | Mirrors of Colors
The Nasir al-Molk Mosque was built by the order of Mirza Hassan Ali, also known as Nasir al-Molk who was one of the nobles of the Qajar dynasty, during 12 years. Its approximate area is 2890 square meters. This mosque is located near Shah Cheragh and is one of the most spectacular and different mosques in Iran.
The reason why this mosque is known as the Pink Mosque, is the colored glasses used in it, which combine the golden color of the sun with the red of the glasses, causing the courtyard of the mosque to turn pink, which creates a special beauty in it.
Architecture of The Building
Nasir al-Molk Mosque, is one of the most valuable mosques in Iran in terms of tiling and unique in terms of construction, especially muqarnas structure, and its columns are one of the most beautiful pillars of Shiraz historical sites.
The entrance of the mosque has a large muqarnas arched façade and seven-colored tiles that are decorated with so many red flowers and irises of Shiraz and a corridor with beautifully engraved walls.
The Pink Mosque has two eastern and western seraglios.
The Western Seraglio | The Summer Seraglio
The western seraglio has a brick cover which is more beautiful, because they had worked on it more and its arch is on stone columns with a spiral design and is in two rows of six and twelve in number. Also this seraglio has seven gates that connect it to the courtyard of the mosque. Each of these seven gates, has a wooden door with colored glasses. The arch and the walls of it have beautiful tiles and its roof is decorated with patterns such as flowers and shrubs and arabesque patterns and its floor stone is made of marble.
This seraglio is cooler than the other one due to the special principles of architecture used in it, which is why it’s called the Summer Seraglio.
The Eastern Seraglio | The Winter Seraglio
This seraglio has a tiled roof with seven simple columns in the middle. In front of it, there is a six-meter porch that is separated from the courtyard by eight arches. In this seraglio, there is a door that opens to a water well, which is called the cow well/ chah gav (it was a place for keeping animals that drained water from wells.) This seraglio has now been turned into an endowment museum.
North and South Porches
The mosque has two porches, north and south, which are not similar. The north porch, which is more beautiful, has 3 half arches on three sides and 4 pavilions. The middle roof is made of muqarnas and bowl-shaped parts. The south porch also has two minarets. This porch was built only to observe the principles of symmetry which was very important in the architecture of the Qajar period.
The courtyard of the mosque is rectangular in shape and its walls are decorated with seven-colored tiles and in the middle of the courtyard there is a rectangular pool with a stone fountain.
Pearl Arch | Main Façade Arch
The north porch of the mosque is known as the pearl or royal arch and is the most attractive palace in the whole Nasir al-Molk mosque. The roof is magnificently arched with muqarnas design and is known as the pearl arch because of its recessed arches which look like pearls. Everywhere in this porch is decorated with seven-colored tile and it’s very eye-catching.
To read this article in Persian Language Click here.
* Written by Tannaz Akbari and Translated by Maryam Hadizadeh.
|Official Website: N/A||Entrance fee: Free|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: مسجد نصیرالملک|
|UNESCO Website: N/A||Public transportation availability: Yes|
|Province: Shiraz|| Accommodation availability: Yes|
|Phone: +98(71) 32241661||Facilities: Yes|
|Working days: All days||Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes|
|Opening hours: 5:00 AM-7:00 PM||Best time to visit: All Seasons|