The Historical-Cultural structure of Kerman | A grand bazaar with 600 years of history
One of the main reasons of the establishment of Kerman city was its geographical location. From a long time ago, Kerman functioned as an intersection, since it connected West to the East, and North to the South. As a result, the bazaar of the city had a particular importance. Being one of the most beautiful bazaars in Iran, Kerman Bazaar is in a form of cross-shaped intersection.
The Bazaar of Kerman and the complex of buildings which are connected to it, form 60% of the historical monuments of the city.
The history of bazaar
This bazaar was constructed 600 years ago, and its history dates back to Mozaffarid and Timurid era. Each part of this historical bazaar was built in a different time during the reign of its different rulers. Due to its unique features, it is famous not only in Iran, but also in the world.
Different parts of the bazaar
The Bazaar of Kerman comprises of various sub-bazaars of: Arg, Ganj Ali Khan, Ekhtiari, Gheisariyeh, Coppersmiths, Shoemakers, Blacksmiths, Aziz, Vakil, Mozaffari, Ghadamgah, Qal’eh Mahmoud and Qal’eh Bazaar.
It is the most western part of Kerman Grand Bazaar, and is divided to two bazaars of Seraji and Naghareh Khane Bazaar. Naghareh Khane Bazaar has a large entrance with a high ceiling and gate which is decorated by tile works. Its architecture dates back to Qajar dynasty.
Ganj Ali Khan Bazaar
Ganj Ali Khan complex consists of a bazaar, a mosque, an Ab Anbar (a water reservoir), a mint, a caravansary, a bath house, a square, and a school. This complex was constructed in Safavid dynasty, by Ganj Ali Khan who was the governor of Kerman. Ganj Ali Khan Bazaar is decorated with exquisite plasterwork and paintings.
Ganj Ali Khan Chahar-Soogh
Chahar-Soogh is a place where two bazaars cross each other. Chahar-Sooghs are the most important and crowded parts of a bazaar and usually have an open area, like a mall square, to handle the crowd. Ganj Ali Khan Chahar-Soogh is the greatest Chahar-Soogh in the Bazaar of Kerman and was designed with beautiful stuccos and oil paintings with a history which dates back to the 17th century. The dome of this place used to be one of the tallest structures of the city after the Jameh Mosque of Kerman.
Ekhtiari Bazaar is the oldest part of Kerman’s Grand Bazaar. Chehel Sotoun Mosque, Golshan Caravansary, three Sadri Bazaars, and Vakil Bath (now a traditional tea house) at its end, are the parts of this Bazaar.
* Written by Arefeh Firouzan.
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