The Historic Ensembles of Ghasr-e Shirin | A symbol of Sassanid architecture and civilization
Historic Ensembles of Ghasr-e-Shirin are located in the Ghasr-e-Shirin town of Kermanshah province. Based on the researches, this town dates back to Sassanid Empire and it is one of the most important tourist attractions of Kermanshah. The Historic Ensemble of Ghasr-e-Shirin was inscribed on UNESCO’s world Heritage List which includes these monuments:
Chahar-Ghapi Fire-temple, a Sassanid Fire-temple
Chahar-Ghapi or Chahar-Ghapo means ‘four-arched’. Archeologists describe this historical monument as a square-shaped room which was built in a domed shape. Unfortunately the dome is ruined and only a square construction is seen here. The arrangement of its walls or pillars with solar-based cardinal points, has led some people to believe that had an additional function; which was a way to determine seasons and the significant days of the year.
Khosrow Palace, a palace built to express love
Khosrow Palace is a structure related to Sassanid Empire and is located near Chahar-Ghapi Fire-temple. Today, nothing much is left from this ancient palace but some stone-made ruins. Many historiographers believe that the reason of the palace’s construction is related to the story of Khosrow and Shirin, a beautiful ancient Iranian love story by Nizami Gangavi.
This place is a sample of Sassanid architecture. In constructing this antique and beautiful palace, Architects used a plan with multiple rooms, stable, large halls, stone made pillars and beautiful verandas. During the Iran-Iraq war, it was severely damaged by the invasion of Iraqi forces and was later renovated.
Abbasi Caravansary, a Safavid monument
The construction of this caravansary started in Safavid dynasty. In addition, the completion of some parts of it was during Pahlavi era. It includes platforms, cellars, large chamber and yards, wide and high verandas and multiple corridors. A part of Abbasi Caravansary was dedicated to The Museum of Anthropology of Qasr-e-Shirin. The museum displays objects showing the ancient customs, culture, civilization, art and architecture.
* Written by Arefeh Firouzan.
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|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: قصر شیرین|
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|Province: Kermanshah|| Accommodation availability: N/A|
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