The Abbassian House | An example of Kashan’s residential Architecture

The Abbassian House

Abbassian House | photo by: Diego Delso

Abbassian house is located near Boroujerdi and Tabatabaie historical houses in Kashan. It could be a great resting point after a full day of walking and visiting nearby attractions.

Your first impression of the house won’t surely impress you due to the simple appearance of the Abbassian house,but don’t be fooled by this simplicity as there’s more to the Abbassian house. Just go on and enter the house to be amazed by another Persian architectural masterpiece,will remind you of the famous idiom “don’t judge a book by its cover “.

The Abbassian house was built in late 18th century. The total area is more than 5000 square meters. it consists of five floor and five courtyards,besides It belonged to a wealthy glass merchant called Haj Mohammad Ibrahim. Unfortunately, there’s no proven evidence of who its architecture was but the construction process is known to have last about 20 years.

Structure

the Abbassian house represents various architecture methods starting with the Islamic covered style which accentuates the inner beauty rather than the appearance. You would also notice a gentle slope entering the Abbassian house that shows it was built lower than the street’s surface. This style called “Sunken courtyard “has three main results:

1.Being closer to the aqueduct and having the required water pressure to use.
2.Being less affected by the deserted climate of Kashan that has hot summers and cold winters and reaching more moderation.
3.Causing building’s strength while being more economical in expenditures at the same time by using the excavation soil to make bricks.

Another noticeable fact about the Abbassian house would be its remarkable symmetry. following this, You’ll also see different parts in the house with different structures that can balance the temperature and were used in summer and winter.Moving on from the rich and magnificent architecture, let’s talk about its design and decoration.The entire parts of the mansion are divided into three main sections.firstly,the interior secondly,exterior and then,the servant section.The exterior part includes the covered hall, Iwan (porch), Se-Dari Dorm (rooms with three doors), Panjdari (five windowed room), and some other parts.

The exterior section was the residence of the landlord and his family. The whole set of this part features two wind catchers, two wells that one of them is considered as a reservoir.The most important parts of the Abbassian house is mirror room, Shah Neshin (a part of the interior that is a room, a little higher than other rooms featuring semi-dome), the central hall and two larger halls.

The servant section comprises of a courtyard and an independent passageway.Matbakh (an old term for Iranian Kitchens), and a courtyard are other parts of the servant section.One of the chambers has a ceiling designed with mirror pieces so as to give the impression of a starry sky under the nocturnal glitter of candlelight.Secret passageways were also built into the house.

In summary, the Abbassian house is one of the most significant old Iranian Islamic private houses. Keeping this information in mind, maybe reading other tourists’ comments would help you get a better sense of the house.

“the Abbassian house, once owned by a famous cleric, one could easily get lost in. There are so many rooms, pass ways, stairs and courtyards, one looking only slightly different from the other, you need a good sense of direction or a guide to find your way to the exit again.

There are beautiful ceilings, fireplaces and colorful windows to liven up the rooms when the sun comes in. Water basins that make you think of the lovely gardens that once must have been there too.It was more than a house, you will find three houses in one, each of them has so many large rooms and hidden stalls, wooden gutters, colorful windows, balconies and so many old arts carved in the walls as well as mirrors tiled there. besides, a huge house in which you can wander for at least one hour and look at beautiful rooms, walls and gardens.

* Written by Nafiseh Asadollahi.

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Official Website: N/A Entrance fee: 150.000 IRR
Wikipedia: Click here Name(s) in Persian: خانه عباسیان
UNESCO Website: N/A Public transportation availability: Yes
Province: Kashan Accommodation availability: Yes
Phone: +9831 55245764 Facilities: Yes
Working days: All days Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes
Opening hours: 8:00 AM-8:00 PMBest time to visit: All Seasons

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