The Historical Texture of Damghan | A gem in desert areas

The Historical Texture of Damghan

The Historical Texture of Damghan | Photo by : Makanbin.net

Being the capital city of Semnan province, Damghan is one of most beautiful, historical cities of Iran in desert areas. Since it was located on the Silk Road, it used to be an influential city and was known as the city of 100 gates. Damghan is full of ancient and historical sites along with marvelous, astonishing natural attractions. This city is also known for its pistachios. Damghan was inscribed on the UNESCO’s World Heritage List.

Tarikhaneh Mosque, Damghan’s oldest structure

Tarikhaneh Mosque is one of the most important historical sites of the city related to Sassanian Empire, which is believed to be a fire temple in that time but changed into a mosque after Islam’s advent. It has a large courtyard, surrounded by covered porticos. The Mosque’s main Shabestan has three rows of six circular pillars. The splendid designs of the arches were influenced by Sassanid architectural style. There is also a brick minaret which was added to the structure during Seljuk dynasty and gives this place a unique display.

Tarikhaneh Mosque

Tarikhaneh Mosque, Damghan’s oldest structure

Tape Hesar of Damghan

It is one of the most precious historical sites of Iran and the relics found from here were related to 2nd and 3rd millenniums B.C. There are three different layers in Tape Hesar, which are considered to be related to pre-historic time.

Tepe Hissar

Tape Hesar of Damghan

Chehel Dokhtar (40 girls) Tower

Chehel Dokhtar is one of the oldest buildings of Damghan. It is a circular, 15 meter heigh tower with special features of Iranian-Islamic architecture. Its façade has two parts. The main part with simple brickworks and the upper part that has Kufi inscriptions, and on the top it has a conical shaped dome. The bricks of Chehel Dokhtar Tower are so elegantly and masterly put together that it is miraculously intact after 1000 years, or at least with the minimum damage.

Chehel Dokhtar (40 girls) Tower

Chehel Dokhtar (40 girls) Tower

Damghan’s city wall

It is considered as the second biggest sun-dried brick structure of Iran, after Bam Citadel. The remains of this wall are seen around the city, 16 kilometers in south and east and about 15 kilometers in north, with a history dating back to pre-Islam. Damghan was situated on Silk Road and back then was an important city, so this wall was built to protect the city and its inhabitants.

Damghan’s city wall

Damghan’s city wall

Cheshmeh-Ali

Cheshmeh-Ali is one of the permanent springs of Damghan. In the time of Qajar dynasty some buildings were constructed in the region since it was a favorite place for its greenery and pleasant, good weather. The Palace of Fath-Ali Shah is located in the middle of a lagoon, between the first and second spring and Aqa Mohammad Khan’s Palace, located across from it.

Cheshmeh-Ali

Cheshmeh-Ali

Lotfi Historical House

Lotfi House was built in Qajar’s dynasty, with a surface area of 10 thousand square meters. Decorations, architecture and the designs of this house are so elegant and eye-catching. The Museum of Damghan’s history is located in this house.

Lotfi Historical House

Lotfi Historical House | Toiran

* Written by Arefeh Firouzan .

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Official Website: N/A Entrance fee:Free
Wikipedia: Click here Name(s) in Persian: دامغان
UNESCO Website: Click here Public transportation availability: Yes
Province: Semnan Accommodation availability: Yes
Phone: N/A Facilities: Yes
Working days: All days Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes
Opening hours: :N/ABest time to visit: All Seasons

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