The Historical Texture of Damghan | A gem in desert areas
Being the capital city of Semnan province, Damghan is one of most beautiful, historical cities of Iran in desert areas. Since it was located on the Silk Road, it used to be an influential city and was known as the city of 100 gates. Damghan is full of ancient and historical sites along with marvelous, astonishing natural attractions. This city is also known for its pistachios. Damghan was inscribed on the UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
Tarikhaneh Mosque, Damghan’s oldest structure
Tarikhaneh Mosque is one of the most important historical sites of the city related to Sassanian Empire, which is believed to be a fire temple in that time but changed into a mosque after Islam’s advent. It has a large courtyard, surrounded by covered porticos. The Mosque’s main Shabestan has three rows of six circular pillars. The splendid designs of the arches were influenced by Sassanid architectural style. There is also a brick minaret which was added to the structure during Seljuk dynasty and gives this place a unique display.
Tape Hesar of Damghan
It is one of the most precious historical sites of Iran and the relics found from here were related to 2nd and 3rd millenniums B.C. There are three different layers in Tape Hesar, which are considered to be related to pre-historic time.
Chehel Dokhtar (40 girls) Tower
Chehel Dokhtar is one of the oldest buildings of Damghan. It is a circular, 15 meter heigh tower with special features of Iranian-Islamic architecture. Its façade has two parts. The main part with simple brickworks and the upper part that has Kufi inscriptions, and on the top it has a conical shaped dome. The bricks of Chehel Dokhtar Tower are so elegantly and masterly put together that it is miraculously intact after 1000 years, or at least with the minimum damage.
Damghan’s city wall
It is considered as the second biggest sun-dried brick structure of Iran, after Bam Citadel. The remains of this wall are seen around the city, 16 kilometers in south and east and about 15 kilometers in north, with a history dating back to pre-Islam. Damghan was situated on Silk Road and back then was an important city, so this wall was built to protect the city and its inhabitants.
Cheshmeh-Ali is one of the permanent springs of Damghan. In the time of Qajar dynasty some buildings were constructed in the region since it was a favorite place for its greenery and pleasant, good weather. The Palace of Fath-Ali Shah is located in the middle of a lagoon, between the first and second spring and Aqa Mohammad Khan’s Palace, located across from it.
Lotfi Historical House
Lotfi House was built in Qajar’s dynasty, with a surface area of 10 thousand square meters. Decorations, architecture and the designs of this house are so elegant and eye-catching. The Museum of Damghan’s history is located in this house.
* Written by Arefeh Firouzan .
|Official Website: N/A||Entrance fee:Free|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: دامغان|
|UNESCO Website: Click here||Public transportation availability: Yes|
|Province: Semnan|| Accommodation availability: Yes|
|Phone: N/A||Facilities: Yes|
|Working days: All days||Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes|
|Opening hours: :N/A||Best time to visit: All Seasons|