Shahdad Kaluts | Massive structures of sand
Located in Kerman province and 40 kilometers away from the historical city of Shahdad, Shahdad Kaluts are one of the most extraordinary natural phenomena. A similar kind can be seen in Yota region of the USA.
This region is well-known as one of the earth’s hottest land surfaces and National Geography website has presented Lut Desert and the Kaluts, as one of Iran’s 7 natural masterpieces. The name of these massive sand structures is seen in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
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The rises among stud-like ruts in desert areas are called Kaluts. The scientific name of Kalut is Yardang. Kaluts are formed by the cooperation of two water and wind elements and land’s erosion. The top of these rises are flat and the side which is facing wind is high-steeped and the other side has a low slope. Big Kaluts are shaped as a result of water-wind erosion and small Kaluts are formed by wind erosion. These Kaluts are made as a result of a 20-thousand-year erosion and their shape is constantly changing.
Kalut’s geographical location
Kaluts are scattered in various parts of the desert. Shahdad Kaluts are 85 kilometers in width, 145 in height and their surface area is more than 11000 square kilometers. Kaluts are barren places, with no sign of life in them. Shahdad Kaluts in Kerman are categorized in three green, orange and red areas:
The green area: Visible and crossable for tourists and is about 2 kilometers long.
The orange and red areas: These are forbidden areas and going without a guide and needed coordination, could have no return.
The imaginary city of Kaluts
In some references a ruined city in the foot of Kalut is mentioned, where signs of a 6 thousand years civilization have been obtained of this region. Things like; potteries, sculpture, bronze objects, jewelry and the world’s oldest flag, which is named Shahdad’s flag. Therefore, the possibility of the existence of an ancient city in this area gets stronger.
Attractions around Shahdad’s Kaluts
Nebka or plant hill is formed when sand has gathered under the foot of plant and eventually, there would form a hill of sand with a plant crown on it. Shahdad Kaluts heights reach 10 meters.
Namak Za (salt maker)
It has a surface area of 100 hectares in Shahdad Desert and is in an egg shape salt which no similar kind is seen around the world .
The created salt hexagons are known as Polygon and are seen around the salt lake.
The Briny River
Lut Desert’s only permanent river, with the most minerals, plays an important role in Kaluts formation and resistance. This river is considered to be one of the world’s most salty water; its salt is so much that near the end of its flow gets a yogurt- like view. And at last but not least, sky phenomenon, star dancing in desert nights and watching sunsets and sunrises in this region are extraordinary.
To read this article in Persian Language Click here.
* Written by Tannaz Akbari and Translated by Arefeh Firouzan.
|Official Website: N/A
|Entrance fee: Free
|Wikipedia: Click here
|Name(s) in Persian: کلوت شهداد
|UNESCO Website: Click here
|Public transportation availability: N/A
| Accommodation availability: Yes
|Working days: All days
|Restaurant & Cafe availability: N/A
|Opening hours: :N/A
|Best time to visit: All Seasons