Shah Cheragh | An incomparable funerary monument
Shiraz’s Shah Cheragh is the tomb of Mir Seyed Ahmad, known as Shah Cheragh, who is the son of Musa-Ebn-Kazem (Musa the son of Kazem), Shia’s 7th Imam. The early structure of Shah Cheragh tomb was established in Seljuk dynasty in the 6th century. Its splendid dome with two appealing minarets are shining in the center of the city.
The building’s architecture
Shah Cheragh has two entrance doors which are its main doors and there are two big tiled portals above them. The central courtyard is rectangular with a surface area of about 14 thousand square meters, which was built in 2 stories and there are 162 small shops all around it. The courtyard’s base is decorated with Fars’s stone, which gives it an outstanding display. Tomb’s portico’s designs were elegantly done by expert artists. The wooden hand-rails which are seen in this yard are made of teak. Shah Cheragh’s courtyard is absolutely spacious and Seyed Mir Mohammad’s holy tomb, Shah Cheragh’s brother is located in the north-east side of it.
Shrine’s building contains a beautiful porch that its facade is made of marble stone. This porch has 10 columns. The iron columns of Shrine’s porch are covered by precious woods and wood carvings were used in its flat ceiling. One of the most eye-catching parts of the porch is its golden door whose frame was wood carved and has a magnificent display. Shrine’s dome with its elegant tile works, is one of Iran’s most splendid domes.
There is a broad sanctuary at the back of the porch and there are four Shah-Neshins (alcoves) on each of the four sides of the buildings. In addition, a mosque is seen on the western side of it. The tomb is located in a Shah-Neshin which is under the dome and is made of silver. Above the tomb is decorated by golden leaves. Inside the tomb is decorated by inlaid works. There is also an absolutely magnificent inlaid box on the holy grave. The shrine’s inner section is decorated with small colorful mirrors, seven-colored tiles, various forms of Persian and Arabic decorative calligraphies and many chandeliers which all give an astonishing display to the place.
One of the other accommodations of Shah Cheragh monument is its library. The surface area of this library is about 2500 square meters and contains various books.
The museum of Shah Cheragh’s holy monument with a surface area of 1100 square meters and in 2 stories, keeps about 4 thousand precious historical, cultural and religious elements in itself. One of the interesting points about this museum is the picture of Prophet Mohammad’s letter (P.B.U.H) to Egypt’s king that the original form was in Kofi handwriting but its English and Persian translation is also written beside it.
The reason of Shah Cheragh naming (which means king of the light)
It wasn’t until Azd-o-dowleh Deylami king that Seyed Amir Ahmad’s grave came to notice, which was like a ruined place among the houses. The glow of a light above the ruins caught an old woman’s attention whose house was below the ruins. It had been a while since she was curious about that light so she told the Azd-o-dowleh Deylami king about it. The king went to old woman’s house, slept there and told her to wake him up whenever the light was on. It was late at night when the old woman found the light glowing more than ever. Therefore, she went to the king and shouted passionately:” King! Light! ” And since then, this place was called Shah Cheragh.
To read this article in Persian Language Click here.
* Written by Tannaz Akbari and Translated by Arefeh Firouzan.
|Official Website: N/A||Entrance fee: Free|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: شاه چراغ|
|UNESCO Website: N/A||Public transportation availability: Yes|
|Province: Shiraz|| Accommodation availability: Yes|
|Phone: N/A||Facilities: Yes|
|Working days: All days||Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes|
|Opening hours: :N/A||Best time to visit: All Seasons|