Pasargad | The earliest capital of Achaemenid Empire
Pasargad field is located 130 kilometers away from Shiraz. Cyrus II the Great selected this city as the capital of his reign in the 6th century B.C and started constructing buildings and palaces in it. This complex was inscribed in UNESCO’s World Heritage List as Iran’s 5th landscape.
Pasargad’s historical buildings, gems in the field
Pasargad’s most noteworthy building is the mausoleum of Cyrus II. This mausoleum is a stepped building with a surface area of 165 meters, which was built of a white lime stone in the center of a 6-stair platform and giant stones that some of reach 7 meters’ heights.
With a height of 14 meters and having a square shape, this tower is one of the most spectacular buildings of Achaemenid architecture and is placed on a 3-stair platform, which is connected to the room up in the tower with a 29-step staircase. Some believe it to be Comboye’s mausoleum, fire-temple or treasure house and in the Islamic era, it was renamed to Soleyman Prison and was inscribed in UNESCO’s list by this name.
The Holy place
Tall-e-Takht or Soleyman Thrown is 2 platforms of white stones and a rectangular hill can be seen in it. This structure has 5 stories which the first fourth story were built of rubble stone and the 5th one of brick. This structure was in association with stone fire holders, in order to perform the sacrifice ceremony or religious receptions.
Having a surface area of about 726 square meters, this palace has 8 stone columns and there is an almost intact petroglyph remained in this building. This petroglyph is a scheme of a praying, four-winged human.
Passargad’s Gardens, Cyrus’s paradise
All the palaces were located in these gardens. Fountains of this garden were supplied by Palvar River.
Shahi Garden’s Fountains
Cyrus had gathered his favorite plants, birds and flowers in this garden, making it an extraordinary garden. moreover, the irrigation system of the trees is called (Aab-Nama) Fountain.
This palace was a vast hall and a reception place for Achaemenid kings’ guests. Its doorways each have patterns and drawings of fish, man’s feet, eagles and cows; adopted from the national’s traditions.
From the remains of this palace, we can mention its 3 stone cracks on top of which, there are an inscription in Parsi, Elami and Babeli language hand writings. There is a hall in the central section and 2 verandas on the 2 eastern and western parts. Based on the studies, it can be said that this palace functioned as Cyrus’s residential house. Palace’s doorways have pictures of kings.
It is rumored that Mozaffari caravansary was built of stones which were stolen from Cyrus’s mausoleum. Built in an orderly form, this building has a yard with a surface area of 208 square meters.
It is a green cliff which has a permanent river. In addition to having valuable buildings, it has old trees that some of them are even older than thousand years.
Pasargad’s architectural totality
Most constructional materials used in Pasargad’s complex are stone, brick, raw clay and wood. The used stones are lime stones, white stones, hard blue stones and black fragile marble stones. Red is the color that is mostly seen in the buildings.
To read this article in Persian Language Click here.
* Written by Tannaz Akbari and Translated by Arefeh Firouzan .
|Official Website: Click here||Entrance fee: 500.000 IRR|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: پاسارگاد|
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