Nowruz | A celebration as long as history
Nowadays, Nowruz is an ancient celebration that is prevalent among many countries. Nowruz, is the first day of the solar year, first day of Farvardin (first month in solar calendar), and the celebration of the beginning of the Persian New Year. One of the oldest celebrations left from ancient times. This memento has a transnational and transhistorical ritual that it’s geographical scope is from Asia to Africa and Europe. Nowruz as a historical and ancient celebration is a legacy remembered by different tribes and is celebrated in countries like Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, China, Russia, Zanzibar etc.
This celebration has a Persian identification and is known as the symbol of union among different tribes in the region and it is considered as the initiator of the resurrection of nature and its growth and birth. According to the nations that celebrate Nowruz, on Nowruz in coincidence with nature, days, souls, and perceptions should be renewed and a new manner should be adopted. The U.N General Assembly by passing a resolution, officially recognized March 21st which is Farvardin 1st, as the International Day of Nowruz.
This occurred for the first time in the history of the United Nations and Nowruz, was recognized as an international ceremony with Iranian origin. And it was celebrated for the first time in the beginning of the solar year 1391 (2012) in the UN General Assembly, hosted by Iran.
Nowruz celebration starts with the transition to the New Year and March equinox. The March equinox in Northern Hemisphere is when Sun crosses the celestial equator and heading northward as seen from Earth. Celestial equator is an imaginary line around Earth in the sky on the same plane as Earth equator and is somehow a continuation of the equator.
March equinox is one of the two equinoxes happening every year (March (spring) equinox and autumnal equinox). Spring equinox in the Northern Hemisphere is as the autumnal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere. Each of these equinoxes was along with a celebration in ancient calendar. March (spring) equinox with Nowruz celebration and autumnal equinox with Sade celebration. In the solar calendar, noon is considered as the origin for determining the first day of the New Year. If the March equinox is before noon, that day is considered as the first day of the New Year and if it happens afternoon, the next day will be celebrated as the first day of the New Year.
* written by Marjan Ghanavati and Translated by Firouzeh Firouzan.