National Jewelry Museum | The lost treasure in the heart of the capital

National Jewelry Museum

The National Jewelry Museum is located in the Central Bank of Iran.

Tehran is the city of museums. There are more than 30 private and public museums in this city that cover a variety of cultural, historical and scientific themes.
One of the most attractive and spectacular museums in Tehran is the National Jewelry Museum.
This treasury-museum is in the treasury of the Central Bank of Iran, which is located in Ferdowsi Street in Tehran.
The National Jewelry Treasury embraces valuables objects from different historical dynasties like Safavi, Afshari, Zandi, Qajar and Pahlavi dynasties that the most famous of them can mention are: diamond of light sea (Almas Koh-i- Noor), Kiani Crown, Pahlavi Crown.
The objects and jewels in the National Jewelry Museum of Iran are unique and their material value cannot be estimated.

National Jewelry Museum

The National Jewelry Treasury of Iran was built in 1955 and in 1960 with the opening central bank of Iran was handed over to this bank.

There is no exact date to the history of jewelry making and collecting jewelry and treasures in Iran, but based on historical and ancient documents and achievements, there has been a desire to build a treasury and treasure in all historical dynasties. Historical evidence suggests that what is now known as historical and national jewelry dates back to the Safavi dynasty.

During the recent decades of Pahlavi dynasty, Under Reza Shah’s order,they moved a collection of royal jewels to the  basement of Marmar Palace.

According to the law passed on October 25th, 1973, most part of this collection was moved to the Central Bank of Iran and assigned to be the credit of national banknotes and used as the government debt collateral to the Bank for the credit of the notes.

National Jewelry Museum

Visit of Queen Elizabeth to the National Jewelry Museum of Iran in 1970

The current National Jewelry Treasury was built in 1965. In 1970, with the establishment of the Central Bank of Iran, the National Jewelry Collection was handed over to this bank and it is still in the trust of this bank.

The most famous objects

The National Jewelry Museum of Iran is a unique collection of art by Iranian jewelers and designers. This collection, which has incalculable value, consists of various objects, each of which belongs to a dynasty in the history of Iran.
In general, the whole treasure is divided into 37 categories, which includes 6 treasures in the main hall, having a variety of war and luxury items. Other collections include: swords, crowns and crowns, war equipment, royal costumes, diamonds, rubies, emeralds, brooches and brooches, collars, treasures of turquoises and pearls, etc.you can see them in various sections.

National Jewelry Museum

Sea Light Diamond is a special and rare type of diamond that is pink in color.

pink diamond weighing 182 carats is one of the rarest diamonds in the world that has a pink color.

According to historical evidence, this diamond was brought to Iran by king Nader Afshar after the conquest of India in 1739 AD and took its name from its couple “Koh-i- Noor diamond”.

Pahlavi crown

The crown of the Pahlavi dynasty was made in 1925 under the order of Reza shah for his Coronation ceremony.  The crown weighs about 3 kg. And it is ornate with a variety of diamonds, emeralds, rubies, pearls.

.Kiani crown is related to Qajar family and was made by order of Fath Ali Shah Qjar.

The king crown of Qajar family was made by order of Fath Ali Shah Qjar in 1733.

The throne of the Sun 

Tavoos throne was moved to national jowely meusem in 1981.

The Throne of the Sun (Tavoos Throne) was built during the reign of Fath Ali Shah Qajar and by his order. This throne was known as big sun that being in top of its back.

Regulations for visiting the National Jewelry Museum:

  1. Visiting of museum is forbidden for children under 12 years old.
  2. For groups of more than 10 people visiting must be by pre-determined time.
  3. Ticket preparing is verbal.
  4. Visiting of treasure is free and do by museum guide who speaks English language.

To read this article in Persian Language Click here.

* Written by Marjan Ghanavati and Translated by Saedeh Jalali.

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Official Website: Click here Entrance fee: 150.000  IRR
Wikipedia: Click here Name(s) in Persian: موزه جواهرات ملی
UNESCO Website: N/A Public transportation availability: Yes
Province: Tehran Accommodation availability: Yes
Phone: +9821 64463030 Facilities: Yes
Working days: Saturday until Tuesday Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes
Opening hours: 2:00 PM-5:00 PMBest time to visit: All Seasons

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