National Jewelry Museum | The lost treasure in the heart of the capital
Tehran is the city of museums. There are more than 30 private and public museums in this city that cover a variety of cultural, historical and scientific themes.
One of the most attractive and spectacular museums in Tehran is the National Jewelry Museum.
This treasury-museum is in the treasury of the Central Bank of Iran, which is located in Ferdowsi Street in Tehran.
The National Jewelry Treasury embraces valuables objects from different historical dynasties like Safavi, Afshari, Zandi, Qajar and Pahlavi dynasties that the most famous of them can mention are: diamond of light sea (Almas Koh-i- Noor), Kiani Crown, Pahlavi Crown.
The objects and jewels in the National Jewelry Museum of Iran are unique and their material value cannot be estimated.
There is no exact date to the history of jewelry making and collecting jewelry and treasures in Iran, but based on historical and ancient documents and achievements, there has been a desire to build a treasury and treasure in all historical dynasties. Historical evidence suggests that what is now known as historical and national jewelry dates back to the Safavi dynasty.
During the recent decades of Pahlavi dynasty, Under Reza Shah’s order,they moved a collection of royal jewels to the basement of Marmar Palace.
According to the law passed on October 25th, 1973, most part of this collection was moved to the Central Bank of Iran and assigned to be the credit of national banknotes and used as the government debt collateral to the Bank for the credit of the notes.
The current National Jewelry Treasury was built in 1965. In 1970, with the establishment of the Central Bank of Iran, the National Jewelry Collection was handed over to this bank and it is still in the trust of this bank.
The most famous objects
The National Jewelry Museum of Iran is a unique collection of art by Iranian jewelers and designers. This collection, which has incalculable value, consists of various objects, each of which belongs to a dynasty in the history of Iran.
In general, the whole treasure is divided into 37 categories, which includes 6 treasures in the main hall, having a variety of war and luxury items. Other collections include: swords, crowns and crowns, war equipment, royal costumes, diamonds, rubies, emeralds, brooches and brooches, collars, treasures of turquoises and pearls, etc.you can see them in various sections.
pink diamond weighing 182 carats is one of the rarest diamonds in the world that has a pink color.
According to historical evidence, this diamond was brought to Iran by king Nader Afshar after the conquest of India in 1739 AD and took its name from its couple “Koh-i- Noor diamond”.
The crown of the Pahlavi dynasty was made in 1925 under the order of Reza shah for his Coronation ceremony. The crown weighs about 3 kg. And it is ornate with a variety of diamonds, emeralds, rubies, pearls.
The king crown of Qajar family was made by order of Fath Ali Shah Qjar in 1733.
The throne of the Sun
The Throne of the Sun (Tavoos Throne) was built during the reign of Fath Ali Shah Qajar and by his order. This throne was known as big sun that being in top of its back.
Regulations for visiting the National Jewelry Museum:
- Visiting of museum is forbidden for children under 12 years old.
- For groups of more than 10 people visiting must be by pre-determined time.
- Ticket preparing is verbal.
- Visiting of treasure is free and do by museum guide who speaks English language.
To read this article in Persian Language Click here.
* Written by Marjan Ghanavati and Translated by Saedeh Jalali.
|Official Website: Click here||Entrance fee: 150.000 IRR|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: موزه جواهرات ملی|
|UNESCO Website: N/A||Public transportation availability: Yes|
|Province: Tehran|| Accommodation availability: Yes|
|Phone: +9821 64463030||Facilities: Yes|
|Working days: Saturday until Tuesday||Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes|
|Opening hours: 2:00 PM-5:00 PM||Best time to visit: All Seasons|