National Garden | One of the Most Peaceful Gardens in Tehran.
Yes, we are talking about National Garden in Tehran, located in the center of this city with almost one century of history. The aim of this edifice was quite different when it was built during Qajar dynasty; Mashgh Square Complex (the previous name of National Garden) was a military area for shooting practice and parade.
The national garden history
During urban developments in Tehran,this military range was turned into a garden and its well-known gate was built under Reza Shah’s command. It is also listed as a National Heritage and was once the iconic symbol of Tehran (before the time when Azadi Tower was built). In building its iron gate, the combination of Iranian and Russian architectural styles were applied and on its surrounding brick structure, you can see tremendous tiles trying to convey different messages to the viewers using drawings such as Angels of victory, Iranian flag, Quran verses and arabesque designs, lions, machine guns and etc. Above this portal, there is a monitoring room; kings used to observe military practice from there and also it was a place for playing Naghareh (a pair of small traditional drums) . Right after entering the courtyard through this portal, you would forget the cacophony of the outside. You can enjoy strolling along the garden with its fountains, or sitting on its wooden benches under the shadow of tall trees. You can also see the following historical structures:
The state general police department
With its Neoclassical style, the function of this building was to impress powerful people of government. The façade of this structure is ornamented with Persian art and you can see some stone-carved symbols of Achaemenid Empire on it. Currently, this building is used as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Malek national library and museum
It’s the place for the treasure collection of a well-known Iranian merchant; he was enamored of collecting coins, paper currency, paintings, manuscripts, stamps, carpets, and calligraphy artworks. You can see exquisite tiles on the exterior façade of this museum.
Qazaq khaneh (Cossacks quarters) edifice
As the most ancient building with its Iranian/European architectural style, this edifice used to be a military fort during Qajar dynasty and subsequently, it was converted into Ministry of War during Pahlavi era. Now, it is a part of University of Art for educational purpose.
National museum of Iran
It’s influenced by the pattern of Taq Kasra and Sasanian architectural style, this brick edifice was built by a French architect.
Post and communication museum
You would go back through the progress of communication by visiting horse-drawn carts, the first models of telephones and radios, and etc. From the author: If you are in Tehran, set this place as one of your priorities to visit. You can have memorable pictures of this garden, reflecting the history of Iran. Unfortunately, even many of the locals aren’t aware of this impressive place in Tehran.
* Written by Arezou Bakhtiari.
|Official Website: N/A||Entrance fee: Free|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: باغ ملی|
|UNESCO Website: N/A||Public transportation availability: Yes|
|Province:Tehran|| Accommodation availability: Yes|
|Phone: N/A||Facilities: Yes|
|Working days: All days||Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes|
|Opening hours: 7:00 AM-7:30 PM||Best time to visit: All Seasons|