Narenjestan Qavam | The manifestation of Iranian art
Qavam Garden of Shiraz belong to the influential and powerful Qavam family in the reign of Naser al-Din shah, and was built by the order of Ali Mohammad khan Qavam.
The garden consists of two parts, indoor space (the house of zinat al_muluk) and outdoor space (Narenjestan Museum), which are connected by a tunnel. The outdoor space had been used as a place for political and military affairs and the indoor part as a residence for the Qavam family. The area of the complex is 3500 Square meters. The abundance of bitter orange trees has made this garden known as Qavam Narenjestan. Since 1966(1345) the Narenjestan building was donated to Shiraz university.
The inlaid wooden door of the garden, opens to a porch (Hashti) to the south. The roof of this porch (Hashti) has very beautiful Tiled and Chalk Muqarnas, and its entrance has brick decoration and a marble inscription. On the stone plinth of both sides of the gate, the figure of two soldiers of the Qajar period is carved.
The main mansion of the garden has two floors and twenty rooms, most of which have internal access to each other. The most magnificent part of this building is its large Iwan with two columns of monolith marble, with cylindrical body, the capitals have Muqarnas, and the flat ceiling is decorated.
The floor of the porches (Hashti) is beautifully furnished by white and blue tile pieces. Iwan or hall of mirrors in the middle and the rooms are built symmetrically on the left and right (of the Iwan). Even the stones at the bottom of the wall are symmetrically sculpted, and on the surface of these stones, figures of lions, tombs and Achaemenid soldiers, fighting against Halal (a legendary creature) are seen.
In addition to these patterns, other parts of the ceiling of Iwan and many of the rooms, also their bodies and walls, are painted with various and beautiful images of flowers and shrubs, animal figures, hunting ground scenes, etc. Around the paintings of the Iwan ceiling, the walls and alcove (Shah neshin) are mirrored in an exquisite way.
The painting on the woods of the ceiling that is locally so- called, Marjok is also unique. Above the (the top of the) main building there are crescents with beautifully tilled illustrations and designs.
Between the south side mansion and the main mansion, there is a large garden that has a big pond with edges of red stone and all-round the fountain you can see geometric shapes.
Basements are located symmetrically in the north and in the south, mostly due to the faster delivery of food and easier commuting.
The house of distillates
In the eastern part of the garden, Maktab khaneh (kuttab, traditional school) is located, and the southest part of this building was used as the Matbakh khanh ( traditional kitchen) of Qavam house, and over the time this building was used as a place for distillation(making herb water) and due to this reason this house is also called, the house of distillation.
Gachine bath is one of the five famous old baths of Shiraz, that is a part of Qavam complex and was connected to Narenjestan -e- Qavam by a tunnel.
To read this article in Persian Language Click here.
* Written by Tannaz Akbari and Translated by Fahimeh.
|Official Website: N/A||Entrance fee: 200.000 IRR|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: نارنجستان قوام|
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|Province: Shiraz|| Accommodation availability: Yes|
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|Opening hours: 8:00 AM-8:00 PM||Best time to visit: All Seasons|