Meymand Village | A lively museum in the heart of cliffs
Meymand Village is located in the historical region of Shahr-e-Babak in Kerman province and according to archaeology statements, stone carving drawings of this region is related to 1200 years ago. However, what can be said precisely about this matter is that the potteries remained in Meymand castle date back to 2 or 3thousand years ago.
Cultural view of Meymand has been inscribed in UNESCO’s list as Iran’s 19th international landscape. This village is amongst the first sediments where life’s traditional relations are still alive. Some believe that Meymand’s life style is due to its first habitants’ Mithraism beliefs, so Pahlavi and Sassanid words are still used in their dialect.
Melina Mercouri prize
Human and nature interactions can be seen well in this village. This village was the 7th cultural, natural and historical landscape in the world that received the Mercouri prize. Melina Mercouri is a prize for structures that have unique cultural, natural and historical conditions, presented by Greek government in collaboration with international cultural associations such as UNESCO and ICOMOS (International Council On Mountains and Sites).
Following the events from the 4th to 10th century in Shahr-e- Babak region, sedentary and migrant groups came to Meymand. These migrants were in search of safe places to inhabit. Although the exact date of human’s first habitant in Meymand is not clear, but it is obvious that small refuges have been transformed to hand-excavated houses.
Cave-like houses of this village named Kiche, were built in the heart of cliff pits from Touf (eruption ashes), with no need to clay, brick and grout, creating an extraordinary masterpiece. These houses were built in 2 to 5 stories and have one or few rooms and a stable.
The roof of each house is the courtyard of the house above. Room’s sizes are not geometrically ordered. Holes and shelves were made inside the rooms by digging out some parts of the walls that objects and necessities were put in them. The interesting point is that the room’s temperature differs about 5 degrees from the outside.
The numbers of Kiches inside the village is 406 and there are 2560 rooms. There is no alley or passing in Meymand, and its alleys are horizontal paths, going deep through hills and reaching homes in the end. Schools, mosques, baths, fire-temple and castles are hand-excavated, each one unique in its kind.
Meymand Bath is dogged out in the heart of cliffs and like the traditional baths’ form, has a cloakroom, a pond in the middle and three platforms around. There is a reservoir dogged out in the stone under the yard and its crescent like hole, was used for getting water and the fire house was placed under the bath.
One of the strange features in this bath is that there is a hole above the yard and the cloakroom, on which a marble stone was put. This stone surprisingly reflexed the light all around the bath and in fact is the bath’s light supply.
Meymand’s souvenirs are Russian olive’s flour, used for baking bread and medicinal herbs that have special value due to the untamed nature of the reign.
To read this article in Persian Language Click here.
* Written by Tannaz Akbari and Translated by Arefeh Firouzan.
|Official Website: N/A||Entrance fee: Free|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: روستای میمند|
|UNESCO Website: Click here||Public transportation availability: Yes|
|Province: Kerman|| Accommodation availability: Yes|
|Phone: N/A||Facilities: Yes|
|Working days: All days||Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes|
|Opening hours: :N/A||Best time to visit: All Seasons|