Markar Historical Complex | Iran’s first Clock Tower

Markar Historical Complex

Markar Historical Complex | Iran’s first Clock Tower

Yazd‘s Vaght-ol-Saat or Clock Square is one of the oldest clock towers in Iran and the world. Based on historical references Markar Tower is the first tower of its kind in Iran which is registered as a National Heritage Site. Markar Historical Complex is one of the Zoroastrian attractions of Yazd which is located near other attractions like Zoroastrian Dakhmeh (Tower of silence), Rokn-o-din Mausoleum and Zoroastrian Fire-temple. One of the interesting points about Markar tower is that it is located in the very center of Iran.

The history of Markar Historical Complex

Markar complex is related to the early Pahlavid era, since 1934, Yazd’s municipality decided to construct a memorial building for the famous Iranian poet, Hakim Abd-ol-Ghasem Ferdosi, the poet of Shah-Name. Markar Tower clock was first established in Pahlavi Square but was destructed and its location was changed to its current place (Markar Square) in 1936.

This complex was named Markar after its founder Pashootan Ji Dusabhai Markar, who was an Indian businessman and  merchant. He was a wealthy, beneficent man who devoted himself to establishing utilities and educational facilities for development of the Iranian community, especially the Iranian Zoroastrian, since he was a Zoroastrian himself.

In addition to a Clock Tower, Markar Complex also includes a school and an orphanage.

Markar School

At the beginning of the school, a magnificent courtyard with old and beautiful trees, a large blue pond filled with water, and gardens with many flowers boast off the history and the originality of this building.

There is a magnificent brick building with blue tiles comprises the Markar School, which consists of two parts: one part is a school with 18 rooms and a large hall with the capacity of 800 people, and the other part is a nursery that consists of 3 bedrooms, 9 rooms, a basement and several management rooms.

Markar Museum (Museum of Zoroastrian History and Culture)

This Museum opened in 2015, which was a boarding school for Markar students in the past. In this museum, you can get to know the history of Markar Complex and its founder’s biography, traditional Zoroastrian celebrations, rites and customs, their important monuments and Zoroaster.

Markar Clock Tower, the central point of Iran

Markar clock Tower is a square building with 4 meters high and its different parts are base, body, and roof. Based on geographical measurements, Yazd is located in the center of Iran and Markar Clock Tower is located in the center of Yazd, so it can be said that Markar clock Tower is the central point of Iran. It’s interesting to know that it used to be the highest building in Yazd, and its alarm could be heard from far away. The clockwise direction on the Tower is in the opposite direction of cars’ passing.

* Written by Arefeh Firouzan.


Official Website: N/A Entrance fee: Free
Wikipedia: Click here Name(s) in Persian: مجموعه مارکار
UNESCO Website: N/A Public transportation availability: Yes
Province: Yazd Accommodation availability: Yes
Phone: N/A Facilities: Yes
Working days: All days Restaurant & Cafe availability: N/A
Opening hours: N/ABest time to visit: All Seasons

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