Lorestan’s Historical bridges | The world’s capital of historic bridges
Lorestan Province in west of Iran, has a chain of more than 100 unique historical bridges. Since it was an important passage in Iran, many bridges were built in the region. These structures display the wisdom of their architects in old times, and were built to connect big civilizations together.
The collection of historical bridges in Iran was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Shapouri Bridge or Pol-e-Shekasteh (the broken Bridge) is located in southern Khorramabad. It was used to connect the eastern and western pats of Lorestan. Shapouri Bridge is 312 m long, 10.75 m high, and had 28 arches, 5 of which are intact and the rest were destroyed over the years by natural forces. Having a history dating back to Sassanid Empire, it’s the only bridge in the world with stone arches. Its large dimension is another unique feature which is seen in this structure.
Kalhor Bridge is located in Mamoolan district of Lorestan, constructed over Kashkan River. It belongs to different historical eras and most parts of the structure are related to Al-e-Hasanlooyeh. Kalhor Bridge is more than 150 m long. Its bases are in ellipse form and have a unique view.one of its features is the present of a platform at the middle of bridge’s 2 main bases. This platform has 12 steps, with an unclear function but presumed to function as supporters.
Pol-e-dokhtar Bridge is located at the entrance of Pol-e-dokhtar city. This bridge is one of the most valuable and attractive sites with pre-Islam architecture, and the 2nd bridge in Lorestan which is known as Krodet, or the daughter’s bridge. Its only remaining arch has a height of 18 m, and the road from Khorramabad to Andimeshk passes under it. This bridge was on the connectional way between ShaporKhast and JondiShapour (the old city of Khuzestan).
Gavmishan (the buffalo) Bridge
Gavmishan Bridge is located at 30 km out of Pol-e-dokhtar city across Seimareh River, at border line of Ilam and Lorestan provinces. Part of this bridge is located in Lorestan and another part is located in Ilam. It is considered as one of the huge structures left from Sassanid Empire, which has the longest arch span among the ancient bridges of Iran, with over 50 m width. Gavmishan Bridge is 175 m long and is made of brick, stone and mortar.
The name of this bridge is attributed to the buffalo breeding tradition among the locals, or to the Mythraist tradition that holds the buffalo in high regard.
Kashgan Bridge is constructed on Kashgan River, with a length of 320 m. From its 12 arches, 3 arches are ruined and the rest are intact. Its history dates back to reign of Al-e-Hasanlooyeh. Next to this bridge the remains of 3 historical bridges are seen, which have the features of Sassanid architecture.
* Written by Arefeh Firouzan.
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