Industrial Heritage of Textile in the central plateau of Iran
Changes in the last years of the 19th century, influenced not only Europe, but also different parts of the world over time. Due to the Industrial Revolution, new civil societies were formed and human life’s method and process faced significant changes.
Development of spinning and knitting (textile) industrial heritage in Iran was an indication of Iranian modern era that changed the landscapes of a number of cities, through which important Iranian cities became known as industrial cities.
Industrial Heritage of Textile in Iran is a serial nomination which includes a set of architect Several masterpieces regarding textile industry in the central plateau of the country.
The buildings that have been built for industrial purposes are large, due to the emergence of new tools and machinery, the increase in production and the workers and etc… Since these buildings were obliged to observe series of standards, they introduced a new type of architecture. These structures were examples of industrial heritage regarding spinning and knitting with specific function, also concerning climatic conditions. For instance, in Isfahan there are more tendencies to use a combination of modern and traditional architecture, while in Yazd such industrial functions have kept their traditional methods, which is using columned hall with vaults and domes accompanying traditional and local decorations.
In addition, an intersection happened between modernity and traditions in architecture, urbanism, and social interactions.
After the emergence of Industrial revolution in Iran and establishment of industrial factories at the time of Pahlavi I, Iranian architects and builders created a masterpiece, which is a brilliant combination of the original European buildings and traditional Iranian industry. Modern ideas and technologies were combined with local materials and climatic architecture and therefore, a unique style was created.It has been listed on UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.
* Written by Arefeh Firouzan.