Ganjali khan Bath | A collection of art and architecture in Ganjali Khan Complex
Ganjali Khan Bath is a traditional Iranian Bath house in Kerman city and is part of the historical Ganjali Khan Complex. Located on the southern side of Ganjali Khan Square, this bath is one of the most wonderful historical sites in Kerman province.
This bath is exquisitely designed with the most beautiful colors of bricks, elegant paintings, eye catching stucco designs and artistic calligraphies.
The history of the building
The history of Ganjali Khan Bath dates back to Safavid dynasty and in 1631. The Historical Complex of Ganjali Khan was constructed by the order of the governor of that time whose name was Ganjali Khan. This bath was turned into an anthropological museum in 1971.
The architecture and design of the building
The bath’s entrance has a very elegant architecture and is in a shape of a corridor. The exterior view and the entrance gate of this historical monument are decorated by paintings, stucco, indigo-color bricks, marble stone and arches. The paintings and stucco designs on the entrance are divided in to two periods of Safavid and Qajar, in which the upper part belongs to Safavid era and the lower part belongs to Qajar era. These paintings of Khosrow and Shirin, Bahram-e- Gor, wild animals, and the rulers in hunting, catch the eye of every visitor.
The bath has two main sections; Sarbineh (the changing room) and Garm Khaneh (the hot chamber).
There are 6 platforms in Sarbineh that according to the class division in Safavid era, each of these platforms were devoted to a special class. There is a beautiful pond in the center of Sarbineh that the sound of its fountain makes a relaxing music for the visitors.
One of the most elegant features of bath’s architectural finish is that the sculptured stones of the ceiling intersect with that of the flooring. It should be mentioned that the design and installation of two red-color stones in Garm Khaneh is another interesting feature of this structure. The installation of these stones was done by the architects of that era. These stones were used as clocks in that time, in which by the reflection of sun’s light on them, people would guess the time.
The lighting of Ganjali Khan Bath is supported by the light-wells which are located on the center or round the ceiling. The sun shines on the pond’s water and its reflection on the walls has made the bath much more beautiful.
* Written by Arefeh Firouzan.
|Official Website: N/A||Entrance fee: N/A|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: حمام گنجعلی خان|
|UNESCO Website: N/A||Public transportation availability: Yes|
|Province: Kerman|| Accommodation availability: Yes|
|Phone: +98 3432225577||Facilities: Yes|
|Working days: All days||Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes|
|Opening hours: :9:00 Am-8:30 Pm||Best time to visit: All Seasons|