Damavand Mountain | The highest peak in Iran
Damavand Mountain is located in the central part of Alborz Mountain range, on the south of the Caspian Sea and is visible from Tehran, Qom and Varamin if the weather is not foggy or polluted. Damavand Mountain, with an altitude of 5671 meters, is a potentially active volcano, the highest peak in Iran and the highest volcano in Asia. It was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Features of Damavand
This mountain was formed in the 4th geological period and since it is the highest peak in Iran, it is referred to as the ‘roof of Iran’. Damavand has 7 glaciers, and there is a unique, permanent frozen waterfall in the south part of it. This frozen river is the highest river in the Middle East since it is located in an altitude of 5100 meters.
Because this mountain is surrounded by forest from the north and has suborder with the desert from the south, it has various and specific flora and fauna. It should be mentioned that in the foot of Damavand Mountain there is a beautiful field called Lar, and is covered with beautiful red Poppies. In addition, there are some hot springs on Damavand’s lower slope, that the most important of these hot springs are located in Lariijan village.
Damavand in Iranian literature and mythology
Damavand is the symbol of stability and resistance against despotism and foreign rulers and plays a notable role in Iranian folklore, especially in the famous epic poems, Shahnameh, which is written by Ferdowsi. There’s one myth in Shahnameh saying that the tyrant king, Zahak, is imprisoned in Damavand, and he will be free in the time of Apocalypse.
From the attractions close to Damavand Mountain we can mention Tar Lake, Harir Lake, and Abali ski route.
* Written by Arefeh Firouzan.
|Official Website: N/A||Entrance fee: IRR|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: دماوند|
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|Province: Mazandaran|| Accommodation availability: N/A|
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