Burnt City | Civilization East of Prehistoric Persia
This city is one of the wonders of the ancient world that became one of the UNESCO’s world heritage sites in June 2014.
It is Located 2 kilometers from Zabul in Sistan and Baluchistan province ,which is a must see place in Iran, and It was built 5000 years ago on the banks of the Hirmand River and Lake Hamoun. The city was founded in the prehistoric period around 3200 BC and abandoned 1400 years later.
The Burnt City is apparently a new name and doesn’t have much historical significance. According to the existing texts, this name goes back to approximately 150 years ago.
Why is it called the burnt city?
The burnt city was set on fire twice, once at the beginning of its growth phase and again at the moment of its death and destruction.
For the first time, Colonel Beit, a British military official, named it the burnt city after visiting it, noting he had seen the effects of the fire.
Later, Italian archaeologists carried out some researches on the city for about three to five years.
It is said that the main reason for the destruction of the city was not the fire but the two main elements, wind and water, that destroyed the civilization over the years.
Some surprising facts about this city!
In the distant past where mankind had just settled, it was the first city in the world, according to archaeologists, in terms of urban architecture , population, urban planning, and… .
Experts have done some diggings at the cemetry of the burnt city which eventually led to the discovery of three types of graves, The most important type was a simple pit that buried the dead body with objects and food And inside them they found items made of clay, wood, cloth, and stone.
A roller from 5000 years ago and the oldest backgammon in the world have been found in this city which is really interesting. But that’s not all. Scientists have found some information about a brain surgery which was done at 4800 years ago!
If you’re attending a trip to Sistan and Baluchistan province and you’re interested in ancient places it’s highly recommended to visit this incredible city and you won’t regret it.
* This article has been written by Zahra Mirzaie
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|Name(s) in Persian: شهر سوخته|
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|Province: Sistan and Baluchistan|| Accomodation availability: N/A |
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