Bastam and Kharghan | Home of Iran’s mysticism
Bastam and Kharghan are two famous towns in Shahrud, Semnan province, where great mystics were born. Iran’s desert area has always been a combination of nature and mysticism throughout the history. Many great scholars, Sufis and dervishes were born in desert areas; each one played an important role in mysticism’s development and expansion across Iran and the world. One of the most noteworthy characteristic of desert inhabitants is the humble lifestyle with saving, contentment and satisfaction which is reflected in their culture, history and art.
Bastam and Kharghan were inscribed on the UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 2007. The road to the marvelous Abr (cloud) Jungle of Shahrud crosses near Bastam.
Bastam, the birthplace of a very famous Sufi
It can be said that the complex of Bayazid Bastami’s Tomb is the most important historical site of the town. Being born in a Zoroastrian family, he became a master teacher of mysticism of his time. He was known for the humility and lack of pretense in behavior and his teachings inspired and educated many great scholars and Sufis. This complex consists of: Bayazid Tomb, Mosque and Khanghah, Iwan, Ghazaneh Dome, the holy shrine of Imamzade Mohammad, Jameh mosque, Kashaneh Tower and Shahrokhiye School; built in different eras from Seljuk to Qajar.
Tomb of Bayazid Bastami
This tomb is very simple in architecture. There is a marble stone on the grave with carvings of a famous prayer of Imam Ali.
Khanghah Bayazid Bastami
On the west side of Bayazid’s Tomb, there are two small connected rooms which are called Khanghah, both having beautiful plasterworks.
Ghazan Khan Dome
In the court of Bayazid Bastami Complex, there is a turquoise blue dome which gives a beautiful unique display to the complex. Ghazan Khan was a ruler of Illkhanate.
Jameh Mosque of Bastam
Located 200 meters away from the tomb of Bayazid and built in the year 706 AH, The jameh consists of two sections: a square courtyard with an altar, which is decorated by beautiful plasterworks. The second part is different in artistic endeavors and its Mihrab (altar) is very attractive.
In addition, there are historical sites out of Bayazid Complex such as: Kashaneh Tower and the Mound of Chakhmagh.
It was made of bricks in the 14th century. Some believe it was pre-Islamic fire temple and some believe that a Mongol ruler, Ghazankhan built it and was formerly called Ghazaneh, then changed to Kashaneh through time.
Built for religious studies, it has 28 rooms on 2 floors. One of the parts of this school is a Zurkhaneh, a place where men practiced heroic sport.
The Tomb of Abu-al-Hassan Kharghani
Ghale-no village of Kharghan is located 18 kilometers away from Bastam and is home to a famous mystic’s tomb named Abu-al-Hassan Kharghani who lived in the 12th century. It was built by Illkhanate. The structure of the building is made of simple bricks and there is a marble stone on the grave. A mosque used to be located near this place of which only one alter is remained, which has beautiful and elegantly done plasterworks.
* Written by Arefeh Firouzan.
|Official Website: N/A||Entrance fee: IRR|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian:|
|UNESCO Website: Click here||Public transportation availability: N/A|
|Province: Semnan|| Accommodation availability: N/A|
|Phone: N/A||Facilities: N/A|
|Working days: All days||Restaurant & Cafe availability: N/A|
|Opening hours: :00 AM-:00 PM||Best time to visit: All Seasons|