Azadi Tower | The original Symbol of Tehran
Azadi Tower, which was known as the Shahyad Tower before the Islamic Revolution, is the original and the most popular urban symbol of Tehran. This 45-meter white tower served as the entrance gate of Tehran in modern times. During the decades after the 1978 revolution, the regime of the Islamic Republic made efforts to erase this building from the minds of everyone as a symbol of Tehran from the Pahlavi era and to replace it with other buildings such as the Milad Tower. However, according to a poll by the Iranian Students’ Opinion Center, most Tehran residents consider the tower a symbol of Tehran. According to a report in 2021, this tower is still one of the most important symbols of recognition of Iran and the metropolis of Tehran at the international level.
The birth of Azadi (Shahyad) Tower
In 1966, to celebrate the 2,500th anniversary of the Persian Empire, a 24-year-old designer named Hossein Amanat won an architectural competition to create a symbol for Tehran. The design of this tower, which was called Shahyad (Shah’s memorial) at that time, was taken from the elements of original pre-and post-Islamic Iranian architecture.
Why Azadi Tower is architecturally important?
The structure of Azadi Tower is taken from the architecture of different periods of Iran. For example, the four bases of this tower and its long and parallel lines are reminiscent of Achaemenid architecture. Also, the large and main arch of the tower is a symbol of the Kasra arch, a monument of the Sassanid era. And its high and broken arch also indicates the architecture of post-Islamic Iran.
The use of marble blocks from Isfahan in different geometric sections along with turquoise bricks has given a simple, minimal but original look to this tower that shines day and night.
Therefore, we consider this tower an important architectural work. Because it is a symbol of the history of original Iranian architecture built in the form of a beautiful and simple piece of work in the heart of the capital.
Azadi Tower after The Islamic Revolution
In the years leading up to the Islamic Revolution, the Azadi Tower was one of the centers of revolutionary protests. After the Islamic Revolution of 1957, and to celebrate the welcome of Ayatollah Khomeini, this tower was chosen and from that day its name was changed from Shahyad to Azadi (which translates to freedom).
The Azadi Tower, which once hosted the first unveiling of Cyrus’ Charter of Human Rights, was slowly phased out in the years following the revolution. But the Azadi Tower Museum, next to the library and the exhibition of this tower, still welcomes domestic and foreign tourists.
When to visit?
Azadi Tower is located in the center of one of the busiest squares in the west of Tehran. To visit this tower, all you have to do is go to Azadi Square and if it is it is allowed, buy a ticket, visit this tower and the museum inside. But if you could not get there during your visiting hours, do not worry at all. Because seeing Azadi Square at night will be an amazing experience.
* Written by Mahsa Ashouri .
|Official Website: N/A||Entrance fee: N/A|
|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: برج آزادی|
|UNESCO Website: N/A||Public transportation availability: Yes|
|Province: Tehran|| Accommodation availability: Yes|
|Phone: +9821 6602 3951||Facilities: Yes|
|Working days: All days||Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes|
|Opening hours: 10:00 AM-7:00 PM||Best time to visit: All Seasons|