Arg-e Bam | A defensive zone in an artistic combination

Arge Bam | Wikipedia

Arg-e (citadel) Bam | A defensive zone in an artistic combination

The historical citadel of Bam with more than two thousand five hundred years old is located near the city of Bam in Kerman province.

The big citadel of Bam, with an area of approximately 200,000 square meters, is one of the largest brick buildings in the world, which has been inhabited for more than 20 centuries and finally became uninhabited during the Qajar dynasty.

The ancient citadel of Bam has been registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List as “Bam and its cultural space” and is located on the Silk(Abrisham) Road.

Architecture and construction of Bam citadel

Considering the current shape of the citadel, it can be said that the designers had predicted the final shape of the whole city and the buildings from the very beginning stages of construction.

Numerous types of buildings, their connection way to each other, the shape of the building on the hill slope and the end of the whole complex to the four-season mansion at the highest point, have great architectural and urban planning values.

The whole building is a large fortress that in its center, Arg is located, but because of the majestic appearance of the citadel, the whole fortress building is called Bam (Arg) citadel.

The citadel consists of two separate parts:

1- The government section is located in the innermost wall and includes a military fortress, a four-season mansion, a barracks, a windmill, a 40-meter water well and stables with a capacity of 200 horses.

2- The peasant section, which is around the government section and includes the main entrance of the city, about 400 houses, public buildings such as schools, zurkhanehs, baths, mosques and numerous gates.

Types of houses:

The structure of houses was   3 types:

Smaller houses with 2-3 rooms for poor families

Larger houses with 3-4 rooms for the middle class, some of them also have porches – More aristocratic houses with more rooms, with a large courtyard and a stable, such as the Sistani house and the Jewish house

All houses are made of raw clay.

Windbreaks were used to create air conditioning, and a water pond was installed in the wind direction to cool the building and prevent dust.

Security of the ruling headquarters

The ruling headquarters, while being located at the highest point, is separated from the other parts of the castle by a fence and a tower. The winding roads and the location of the headquarters of the military commanders and the creation of secret routes, etc., indicate the existence of strict security measures for the government headquarters. The moat is another defensive feature of the castle and the presence of the moat made it difficult for the enemies to access the fortress. Bam Castle has often been a refuge for insurgents from the first centuries of Islam to the Qajar period.

Bam Earthquake

The 2003 earthquake in Bam destroyed more than 80% of the citadel. As a World Heritage Site, many countries participated in its reconstruction.

Strange and scary discoveries

After the destruction of Bam citadel in the earthquake, many traces of this structure were discovered, Including the discovery of unknown temples in the Bam fault, hidden water facilities, a number of petroglyphs belonging to three different periods and depicting scenes of animal hunting. The strangest of these discoveries were the bodies of 68 children found in the heart of the thick walls of the Bam citadel.

*Written by Tannaz Akbari and Translated by Arefeh Firouzan.


Official Website: N/A Entrance fee: 500.000 IRR
Wikipedia: Click here Name(s) in Persian: ارگ بم
UNESCO Website: Click here Public transportation availability:Yes
Province: Kerman Accommodation availability: Yes
Phone: N/A Facilities: Yes
Working days: All days Restaurant & Cafe availability: Yes
Opening hours: :N/ABest time to visit: All Seasons

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