Arasbaran Protected Area | A green treasure
Arasbaran is a mountainous area that starches from south of Ahar, to the Aras River and is one of the most visited and popular attractions in East Azerbaijan province. It is also called Qaradagh, meaning the black mountain. Being the 9th biosphere reserve in Iran, it has been inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Features of Arasbaran
Having a surface area of 70000 hectares, Arasbaran has a rich flora and fauna. Not only it does it have marvelous and eye-catching landscapes, but it also has some valuable historical sites and about 9000 hectares of this forest were reformed to National Park.
Arasbaran national Park is home to many species like wild pomegranate, apple, pear, bushes such as blackberries, raspberries and barberries, along with different types of plants, flowers and mushrooms. From the animals that live in this forest we can mention wild mammals like wild goats, Armenian rams, hogs, black bears, wild cats, leopards, foxes, jackals and wolves. It should be mentioned that there is an effort going on in Arasbaran to revitalize the life of Maral (a Caspian red deer).
Along with high mountains, different trees and unique view, one attraction of Arasbaran Area is its hot springs, which are spread all over the region. Notably, Motaalleq hot spring is the largest of its kind in Iran. Another potential tourist attraction of this region is the summer camps of semi-settled Tribes of Arasbaran, kwon as Ilat.
Great Iranian figures from Arasbaran
Many notable Iranians were from Qaradagh, and from them we can indicate Sattar Khan and Babak Khorramdin. Sattar khan is referred to National Commander and he headed the constitutionalist rebels of Tabriz in early 20th century. Babak Khorramdin is becoming a national hero especially in new Iranian generations as a resistance symbol against Arab invasion 12 centuries ago.
Historical attractions of Arasbaran
From the major historical sites of Arasbaran we can mention Babak Fort, Jowshin Fort, Ahar bazaar, the mausoleum of Sheikh Shaabe-deen, Khoda Afarin bridges, Amir Arshad’s residence, Qantoor building in Aynaloo and Kordasht Bath.
* Written by Arefeh Firouzan.
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|Wikipedia: Click here||Name(s) in Persian: جنگل های ارسباران|
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