Abyane village | A port on the outskirts of desert
Abyane village is located near the foot of Karkas Mountain and 40 kilometers northwest of Natanz town in Isfahan province and has a combination of Mediterranean climate. This village with red, mud-brick displays and attractive view of houses is one of the highest residential areas in Iran. Historical structures and buildings in Abyane village, with a history of about 1500 years are related to four eras of Sassanian, Saljoghi, Safavi and Ghajar. Due to its mountainous area and being far from crowded centers and connectional roads, people of Abyane have lived centuries in solitude and preserved lots of their traditional and tribal conventions like language and their old dialect.
Stair-shaped structure of houses
Abyaneh village structure is snail-like, which most houses are in the shape of cube and are placed on each other in a stairway form. One of the attractions of this village is the reddish color of houses and alley’s structures. This red soil has a quality that the more rain pours on it, the firmer it becomes. Porch and Taremi (a small pillar as the fence in the building) in house’s outwards and Orsi windows (windows that are opened from the top) have added to these houses’ attraction.
Wearing costumes is still common among villagers and they show a special prejudice in preserving it. Most men wear a loose, long, black pair of pants and women wear long floral and colorful dresses made from flourish and colorful clothes.
Historical buildings of Abyane Village
This village is one of the most exceptional villages of Iran due to the credibility of its various historical buildings and structures. From these buildings we can mention Jaame Mosque, Harpark fire-temple and Hinze pilgrimage site.
The oldest historical building of Abyane is Harpark Fire-temple whose history dates back to Hakhamaneshian era. This building has three floors and four vaults and the fire which was in the middle of it, lightened the caravansaries’ paths and has always been respected. Abyane Fire-temple is considered as a form of Zoroastrian fire-temples which was built in mountainous areas and located on the slopes.
Hinze pilgrimage site
This pilgrimage was built on the east west side of Abyane, in the heart of narrow valleys of the cliffs which are in the form of caves. Apparently this pilgrimage site is related to Zobeideh Khatoon, daughter of Mosa-Ebn-e- Jaffar (6th Imam of Muslims). When she was being prosecuted, Abyane villagers sheltered her in this small room, and later took her to Hanjan Village. In Hanjan a pilgrimage site was also built for her and some mentioned this pilgrimage site is related to Anahita (Persian Goddess of Water) and according to people’s belief, this place was miraculous and special ceremonies were held in there.
The most important souvenirs of Abyane are various handmade jewelries like bracelet and necklace. Other crafts of the village are decorative wall hangers, rum and Ghive (traditional Iranian shoes).
To read this article in Persian Language Click here.
* Written by Tannaz Akbari and Translated by Arefeh Firouzan.
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